2012 Spring Rules
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- Article I. Election Guidelines
- Article II. Direct Election of President and Executive Vice President
- Article III. Election Procedures
Elections are the foundation upon which representative governance rests. These rules are designed to protect the rights of all candidates, as well as all members of the University community, and to ensure that the election process takes place in an open and fair arena. Candidates must respect the rights and privileges of all members of the Cornell community, and to follow all election guidelines outlined in this document. Election rules are subject to yearly approval by voting members of the Student Assembly.
Candidates must meet all petition requirements by the deadline to be eligible to participate in the election.
- Candidates must plan to attend classes on the Ithaca campus for the duration of their term.
- Each petition must have the necessary number of signatures and signatories must be registered students from the proper constituency. For at-large seats the “proper constituency” is defined as any registered undergraduate student. For college seats the “proper constituency” is defined as any registered student within the college of the seat the candidate is running for. Freshmen and Transfer candidates can receive signatures from the constituency of “new students”.
- Let the amount of necessary signatures be as follows, the lesser of 10% of “proper constituency”1 or:
- 100 for At-Large seats;
- 75 for Arts & Sciences seats;
- 25 for New Transfer seat;
- 50 for all other seats.
- A candidate will be contacted within 24 hours of the petitioning deadline if her or his petition is deemed invalid.
- All petitions will be available to any member of the community who wishes to examine them in the Office of the Assemblies, 109 Day Hall. Petitions may not be photocopied once submitted.
2. Promotional Materials
Each candidate receives any combination of up to 300 one-sided 8 1/2” X 11” or 150 two-sided 8 1/2” X 11” printed materials at no charge. Post or quarter card design should be submitted to the Office of the Assembles, 109 Day Hall, for copying. All materials must include the date and time of the election and be in compliance with election guidelines. Candidates may only select up to two different paper colors for printed materials that are provided by the Office of the Assemblies.
3. Written Statements
Each candidate is asked to submit a short statement [comprising no more than 13 lines when constrained by a space 5 1/2” X 2 1/4” (approximately 1,250 characters)] via the web. Statements will be posted on the SA website, published in the Cornell Daily Sun, and used on the ballot. Statements may not include names of any political coalitions.
Candidates must have their photos taken in the Office of the University Registrar, B7 Day Hall, before the petition deadline. Photos will be posted on the SA website, published in the Cornell Daily Sun, and used on the ballot.
All candidates are encouraged to participate in the Candidates’ Forum held by the Elections Committee.
6. Candidate withdrawal
Candidates may not withdraw from an election after the petitioning deadline.
1. Early Campaigning
Candidates or associates knowingly acting on their behalf must not participate in the following campaign activities until campaigning officially begins:
- distribution of printed campaign material to the public,
- advertising candidacy by chalk, poster, or other method designed for public viewing, or
- making speeches or statements to student organizations or groups of students.
- promoting their candidacy through email, social networking tools, or other digital media
Current SA members seeking reelection must refrain from any form of individual or self-promoting publicity during the petitioning period.
2. Compliance with Campus Life Policies and Conduct Codes
Candidates and supporters acting on their behalf must be aware of and comply with all applicable campus policies and conduct codes, including but not limited to:
- University Postering & Chalking Policy,
- Campus Life policy for posting in Residence Halls,
- Dining hall policies2, including a prohibition on distributing printed campaign materials in dining halls without permission from authorized staff, and,
- Campus Code of Conduct.
Violation of any University policy will be considered a violation of these Election Rules. The Elections Committee will determine whether, as far as the election is concerned, a violation occurred that gave a candidate an unfair advantage. If the Elections Committee finds as such, a challenge will proceed against the violator as described in that section. The Director of Elections will also refer any such violations to the Office of the Judicial Administrator for separate action at the discretion of that office.
Violations can result in disciplinary referral and, if they alter the fairness of the election, disqualification.
3. Campus Mail
Use of Campus Mail for campaigning purposes is prohibited.
4. Electronic Communications
- University-monitored mailing list traffic, including those provided or supported by University departments, is at the discretion of the mailing list owner.
- Candidates shall comply with Cornell University Email Policy.
5. Campaign Finance
Candidates must submit all receipts and/or proof of fair market value in person to the Office of the Assemblies, 109 Day Hall, by the deadline specified in the elections calendar. Candidates who do not submit receipts and/or proof of fair market value will be presumed to have spent $0 on their campaign.
- Candidates may not exceed the $50 limit for out-of-pocket expenses and fair market value of donations of materials, professional services, and/or money. Fair market value is the value at which something is to be obtained normally if documentation of its dollar value is not provided. Therefore, if there is a supporting receipt for a good used in a candidate’s campaign, then the value of that good is the dollar value on the supporting receipt. For donated materials, professional services, or other goods for which no official receipt is provided, candidates must seek the most plausible assessment of the fair market value of the good. Paid advertisements and related costs on social networking sites or other websites must also be accounted for at fair market value.
- Spending Restrictions: Candidates in uncontested races (when only one candidate has submitted a petition) are limited to 300 copies and $10 for out-of-pocket expenses. Donations may be used, but proof of their fair market value must be provided and accounted for.
All registered student organizations receiving funds from the Student Assembly are expected to abide by the guidelines below. The Elections Committee may recommend fines and/or revocation of allocated funds to the Assembly for organizations failing to comply.
- SAFC funded organizations may endorse candidates. The Director of Elections will encourage, through email notification, all groups to act in a way that is fair and balanced when deciding endorsement of candidates.
- SA by-line funded organizations seeking to endorse candidates must give all petitioners and the Director of Elections 24 hours advance notice of endorsement meetings.
7. Campaign Ethics
- The harassing of candidates by other candidates or associates knowingly acting on their behalf is unacceptable and strictly prohibited. The threatening of candidates to leave the race is also unacceptable and strictly prohibited. Candidates may not provide anything of material value to others to further themselves in the election, aside from the complementary promotional materials provided to them by the Office of the Assemblies. Moreover, candidates may not pressure or force other students to vote or campaign for them under any circumstances.
8. Restrictions on Ticketing and Slates
- No candidate may include any other candidate’s name, a common “ticket” name, or a shared slogan and/or symbol on any promotional materials or within any form of electronic communication and/or media.
- No candidate shall be permitted to share or pool campaign finances with any other candidate.
- No candidate may distribute any promotional materials, send any electronic communication, or utilize any other form of electronic media on behalf of any other candidate.
- No candidate’s written statement, promotional materials, or electronic communications may be plagiarized from any such items created or distributed by any other candidate.
- Two of the Undesignated At-Large Representative Seats will be reserved for the directly elected seats of President and Executive Vice-President.
- Candidates running for the Undesignated At-Large Representative seats may specify themselves as a Presidential candidate or Executive Vice Presidential candidate.
- Candidates who do not wish to run for the position of President or Executive Vice President may run individually for an undesignated at-large seat.
- All candidates running for any undesignated at-large seat will listed as undesignated at-large candidates on the ballot
- The calendar for the fall and spring elections shall be confirmed by the Student Assembly in the semester prior to the election. The calendar should be submitted to the Office of Assemblies and the Student Assembly before the end of classes of the preceding spring semester for fall elections, and before the end of classes of the preceding fall semester for spring elections, by the Director of Elections.
- Consideration shall be given to any religious holidays that may fall during the election period, guaranteeing that the right to free religious observance is afforded to all potential candidates.
- The Candidate Forum will not be cancelled.
- Voting members of the Election Committee shall only include graduating seniors who are voting members of the Student and University Assemblies. The SA Director of Elections shall serve as chair and the Director of the Office of the Assemblies shall serve as a non-voting ex-officio member of this committee. In addition, the Director of Elections will ask two faculty/staff members to serve as ex-officio members of the Elections Committee. The Director of Elections will solicit members from the University Assembly, the Faculty Senate, the University Hearing Board, the Employee Trustee, and from among the faculty/staff at large.
- The Director of Elections shall publish at the beginning of each semester a list of Assembly seats to be filled, in accordance with Student Assembly Charter section 3.1.
- Elections Committee members are expected to abide by the highest standards of personal conduct and integrity. Graduating seniors are mandated to excuse themselves from serving on the Election Committee if they plan to actively take part in a campaign or sit on the executive board of an organization that has endorsed a candidate. Therefore, members should not be actively involved in the campaigning process. All conflicts should be considered and resolved before the election cycle begins.
- The Elections Committee should be prepared to meet immediately following the challenge deadlines to rule on all pertinent challenges. All challenges must be heard simultaneously.
- The Elections Committee shall use Robert’s Rules of Order in accordance with Student Assembly Charter § 6.6 to consider challenges, in addition to the Undergraduate Election Rules. The Elections Committee has no power to overrule the Undergraduate Election Rules under any circumstances.
- The Director of Elections shall give a final report on the results of the elections when there are no remaining unresolved matters.
- The order in which names appear on the ballot shall be randomly selected.
- Tabulation of the results of voting shall be carried out using simple plurality.
- The Office of the Assemblies will post preliminary results for unchallenged races at 4:30 p.m. on the day following the election. Preliminary results for challenged races will be posted after the Election Committee has ruled on those challenges. Tabulation of the results of voting shall be carried out using simple plurality.
- The Election Committee will not have access to the preliminary results prior to and during challenge deliberations. The Office of Assemblies will release election results from the challenged races after the Elections Committee has validated the election results.
- The official announcement of results shall be at the next Student Assembly meeting following the validation of the election results by the Elections Committee.
- A printout of election results shall be available in the Office of the Assemblies for one year, but disqualified candidates will not have their vote tallies made available.
1. Eligibility to Challenge
- Any member of the Cornell community may submit a challenge.
- The Elections Committee as a body may submit a challenge by majority vote.
- Individual committee members may not submit a challenge.
2. Challenge Deadlines
- Petition challenges must be submitted to the Office of the Assemblies, 109 Day Hall, by the petition challenge deadline specified in the elections calendar.
- Election challenges must be submitted by the election challenge deadline specified in the elections calendar.
- No challenges or further supporting documentation will be accepted after these deadlines.
3. Format of Challenges
Challenges must be in writing and accompanied by the following supporting documentation:
- challenger’s name
- candidate’s name or Presidential Ticket’s name
- date of challenge
- reason for challenge and supporting evidence
4. Notification of Election Challenges
The Office of the Assemblies will send an email notifying anyone who is named in an election challenge.
5. Response to Election Challenges
A challenged candidate may review challenges in the Office of the Assemblies, 109 Day Hall and address written statements in response to the committee. The deadline for responses is set in the elections calendar.
6. Challenge Review Meeting
The committee will schedule a meeting to review challenges in closed session. For each challenge, the committee will determine:
- whether a preponderance of evidence substantiates each alleged violation; and,
- which, if any, substantiated violations or combination thereof altered the fairness of the election to the extent the challenged candidate should be disqualified by a two-thirds majority.
7. Preliminary Report
For each challenge, the committee will report to the challenger(s) and the challenged candidate all evidence received, any violations substantiated, and any decisions to disqualify the challenged candidate.
Appeals of committee decisions should be directed to the University Ombudsman within 24 hours of notification by the committee. The committee will share with the Ombudsman any documents requested in relation to the challenge. The Ombudsman will consider whether the committee ruling was in compliance with the election rules, and may ask for a reconsideration of the ruling.
The determination of the committee after resolution of appeals shall be final. The committee will release a final, public report identifying all violations substantiated and any decisions to disqualify challenged candidates.
Members of the committee and parties to a challenge may not share the contents of challenges, evidence, or decisions submitted to or received from the committee, except when explicitly permitted by these rules or by the committee. Unauthorized disclosure of confidential information may result in a disciplinary referral.
1 For the numbers adopted by Student Assembly, see the informational items for the current election. (↑)